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从《长江七号》和《当幸福来敲门》的对比看中西方家庭教育的差异

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  • 本文标题:从《长江七号》和《当幸福来敲门》的对比看中西方家庭教育的差异.docx
  • 链接地址:https://wk.sbvv.cn/view/17343.html
  • 内容摘要:ContentsChineseAbstract2EnglishAbstract31。Introduction41。1ResearchBackgroundandResearchSignificance41。2ResearchContentandMainMethods42。LiteratureReview52。1ConceptofFamilyEducation52。2ResearchonThePuuitofHappiness52。3ResearchonAHope52。4ResearchontheDifferencesbetweenChineseandWesteFamilyEducation63。AnalysisoftheTwoMovies63。1SimilaritiesoftheTwoFilms63。2DifferencesReflectedintheTwoMovies74。TheDifferencesofChineseandWesteFamilyEducationandIntealCauses94。1DifferentEducationalPhilosophybetweenChinaandWesteCountries94。2CultureDifferencesbetweenChinaandtheWest105。Conclusion11References12从《长江七号》和《当幸福来敲门》的对比看中西方家庭教育的差异摘要电影作为艺术作品能够投射出不同时期不同地区文化和真实生活,因此,不同国家和地区的电影反映的文化内涵有所不同。电影《当幸福来敲门》和《长江七号》分别讲述了美国和中国不同情境下父亲与儿子的故事。然而,由于东西方不同的思维方式和价值观念使得两部影片通过不同形式来阐述类似的主题,折射出了中美对于儿童在家庭教育方式上的差异。本文以这两部电影所反映的家庭教育为例,对儿童家庭教育方面的差异进行了对比分析,并对差异的产生原因进行了剖析。造成东西方家庭教育差异的原因在于东西方存在较明显文化背景差异,中国的传统文化以儒家文化为主导;而西方则是以美国为主导的“欧洲文化”与移民文化。文化背景的差异使得东西方家庭在思维方式和教育理念等方面存在显著差异,进而影响了对孩子的家庭教育。探究中西方教育方式差异有利于中国取长补短,积极推进教育方式创新,也帮助我们提高自身能力和素质。关键词:家庭教育;《当幸福来敲门》;《长江七号》;中西方差异ReflectioontheDifferenceofFamilyEducationbetweenChinaandtheWestfromtheComparisonBetweentheAHopeandThePuuitofHappinessAbstractMoviesasworksofartcanreflectthecultureandreallifeofdifferentregioindifferentperiods。Thereforetheculturalconnotatioofmoviesindifferentcountriesandregioaredifferent。ThemoviesThePuuitofHappinessandAHopetellthestoryoffatherandsonindifferentsituatiointheUnitedStatesandChinarespectively。HoweverduetothedifferentwaysofthinkingandpreferencebetweentheEastandtheWestthetwofilmsusedifferentformstoexplaiimilarthemesandalsoreflectthedifferencesbetweenChineseandAmericanapproachestochildren’sfamilyeducationwhichalsoreflectsthedifferencesbetweeneasteandwestecultures。Takingthefamilyeducationreflectedinthesetwofilmsasanexamplethisthesiscomparesandanalyzesthedifferencesinchildren’sfamilyeducationandanalyzesthecausesofthedifferences。ThemainreasonofthedifferencesinfamilyeducationbetweentheEastandtheWestcomesfromthedifferentculturalbackgrounds。ThetraditionalcultureinChinaisdominatedbyConfucianculturewhiletheWestisdominatedby“Europeanculture”andimmigrationcultureledbytheUnitedStates。DifferencesinculturalbackgroundsmakesignificantdifferencesbetweenEasteandWestefamiliesintermsofwaysofthinkingandeducationalconceptswhichintuhasaffectedfamilyeducationforchildren。ExploringthedifferencesbetweenChineseandwesteeducationmethodswillhelpChinaleafromtheWestactivelypromotetheinnovationofeducationmethodsandalsohelpusimproveourownabilityandquality。Keywords:familyeducationThePuuitofHappinessAHopedifferencesIntroductionResearchBackgroundandResearchSignificanceInrecentyeaChineseandAmericanfilmshavedevelopedrapidlyandmanymoviesinbothcountrieshavebeenwellreceivedbymoviefa。AmongthemThePuuitofHappinessandAHopearethetwohighgrossingfilmshavingreceivedfavourablecommentsfromviewe。AmongthemThePuuitofHappinessisamoviebasedonatruestory。Thefilmtellsthepositiveipirationalstoryofadistressedsalesmanwhoisonthevergeofbankruptcyandhiswifeisawayfromhome。ThefilmnotonlyconveysthelifeattitudeofChrisGardnerbutalsomakestheaudiencefeelthehero’scareandloveforhisson。Althoughheispennilesshisloveforchildrenhasnotdiminished。AHopemainlytellsthestoryofafathergivinganalientoydogasagifttohissonthuschangingthelivesofbothfatherandson。ThroughthecomparativeanalysisofthesetwofilmswecaeethedifferencesinfamilyeducationbetweenEastandWest。ResearchContentandMainMethodsTheresearchcontentsofthisthesisareasfollows。FitthethesiscomparesthedifferentfamilyeducationmethodsinthetwofilmsThePuuitofHappinessandAHope。SecondbasedonthedifferencesinfamilyeducationreflectedinthefilmsthethesisexplorestheintealcausesofthedifferencesandanalyzestheculturaldifferencesbetweenEastandWest。Lastitsummarizesthedifferencesinfamilyeducationreflectedinthetwofilms。BasedonthecasesintheAmericanfilmThePuuitofHappinessandtheChinesemovieAHopethisthesisanalyzesthedifferencesbetweenChineseandAmericanfamiliesinfamilyeducationgoalsandexpectatioparentchildrelatiohipandfamilyeducationmethodsandanalyzesthereasoofthedifferences。LinChinYauCindyFuVictoriaR(1990)analyzesthesedifferencesthroughindividualismintheWestandCollectivismfromConfucianismideologiesinChinaonfamilyeducation。Throughtheanalysisitfindsoutthedeepseatedculturalbackgroundreasothathavecausedthedifferencesbetweeneasteandwestefamilyeducatioystemsandanalyzeshowcultureaffectseasteandwestefamilyeducation。Inthisthesisthecaseanalysismethodcontentanalysismethodandcomparativeanalysismethodareadopted。IttakesthetwofilmsThePuuitofHappinessandAHopeasexamplestoanalyzethespecificcasesoffamilyeducationintheEastandtheWest。Thecontentanalysismethodanalyzesthedifferenttechniquesadoptedbythefilmandthedifferentconnotatioreflected。ThecomparativeanalysismethodcomparesthedifferencesinfamilyeducationandculturalconnotationbetweenEastandWestthroughtheanalysisofthedifferencesbetweenChineseandAmericanfilmworks。TheobjectiveofthisstudyistofindthedifferencesbetweenChineseandWestefamilyeducatiouchasAmericafromthepepectiveofculturalvalues。LiteratureReviewConceptofFamilyEducationFamilyeducationschooleducationandsocialeducationarethethreecomponentsofchildren’seducationandthethreeofthemarerelatedtoeachotherandaffecteachotherwhichtogethercotitutechildren’sgrowtheducation。Familyeducationmeaparentscociouslyteachchildrenindailylife。AccordingtothedefinitionfamilyeducationistheguidanceeducationandinteractionbetweenfamilymembefromhiredprofessionaltutotochildeducationalsoknowninEnglishas“homeeducation”or“teachingathome”。Ihortfamilyeducationisparentalguidanceandeducation。ResearchonThePuuitofHappinessHuYumeng(2015)analyzedthefathersonculturereflectedinThePuuitofHappiness。Inthefilmnomatterwhatkindofdilemmaheisinhedoesn’tnotgiveupbutgivesthechildaninvisibleguidance。Childrenarehismotivation。TheprotagonistofthefilmChrislackedpatealloveatanearlyagesoundeocircumstanceswouldhelethischildrenlackfather’slove。Variousdetailsdeepenthewritingofthisseeofrespoibility:SometimeswhenthechildsleptonthetoiletfloorChrisshedtea。Hewasfrustratedthathecouldn’tgivethechildapeacefullifeWhenthefatherandsonhadtostayinthebathroomthefathetillshowedhisprotectionandrespoibilityforhissonhecoveredhisson’seaothathecouldnotheartheclapofthedooroutsidewhichwashisonlyabilitytoprotecthisson。SunXiaoyan(2011)believesThePuuitofHappinessisanexcellentfilmthatallowstheaudiencetoseetheAmericanculturalmodelandundetandthemaitreamAmericanculturalvalues。ShecoiderthatthefilmmainlyinterpretstheindividualisticvaluesinAmericanculturethroughthelifestruggleoftheprotagonistChris。AndshealsobelievesthattheindividualisminAmericancultureshowninthefilmadvocatesfreedomselfrelianceandautonomyandhighlightspeonalvaluesandpeonaldignity。IndividualisminAmericancultureisdifferentfromthesocalledindividualisminthecontextofcollectivistcultureanditisnotasymbolofselfishnessandnarrowness。ResearchonAHopeGuoJing(2009)believesthatoneofthecharmsofthefilmcomesfromtheexquisitenarrativestructure。Itexpressesamoreconventionalchildeducationtopicinafreshformlikeanoncomingbreezeblowingovertheheartsofviewe。Inthepureandbeautifulatmospherethethemeofchildren’seducationhasbeenfinished。ZhangGuoyunandLiHui(2011)believethatAHopeisaveryspecialmoviewhichshowstotheaudiencethebottomofthesocietyalifeofsadnessandjoywithteainlaughter。Thismovieissuitableforallages。Inthemoviethedirectorintegratesalotofemotionalfactotoarousepeople’smoralcociencewhichbecomesatragiccolorinthedrama(ZhengDan2009)ResearchontheDifferencesbetweenChineseandWesteFamilyEducationAsaculturalphenomenoneducationreflectsdifferentsocialandculturalconnotatio。ThedifferencesbetweenChineseandWestefamilyeducationmethodsarecausedbythedifferencesintheirvalueorientationandthinkingmode。XuGuiqing(2003)believesthatparentsarethefitteacheoftheirchildrensotheyhavethestrongestandmostprofoundimpactontheirchildren’slives。Theystandonthefrontlinetoprovidevalueorientationattitudeformationandcouelingtotheirchildren。ZhaoZhongxinawellknownfamilyeducatorinChinaalsoproposed:Familyeducationinthebroadseeisaneducationimplementedbyfamilymembe。‘‘Familyeducationinthenarrowseerefetotheguidanceandeducationthatparentsgivetotheirchildreninfamilylife’’(赵忠心2010:56)。Thereforeparentsplayaleadingroleinthisprocess。Parentsshouldpayattentiontowhattheysayanddoandsetacorrectpeonalexamplefortheirchildrenandbuildagoodone。Familyatmosphereisrelatedtochildren’sphysicalandmentalhealth。ChinesetraditionalcultureisdominatedbyConfucianculture。TheAmericancultureinWesteculturehas“Europeanculture”andimmigrationcultureasitsmainconnotatio。DifferencesinChineseandAmericancultureshavecauseddifferencesintheconceptsandmethodsoffamilyeducationbetweenparentsofthetwocountries。&#160;AnalysisoftheTwoMoviesSimilaritiesoftheTwoFilms3。1。1CharacterRelatiohip:FatherSonRelatiohipThethemesofbothmoviesreflectthefathersonrelatiohip。TheAmericanfilmThePuuitofHappinesstellsatou。。。
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